Archive for Press releases

Press release: The LDC Group calls for the foundations of the Paris agreement to be agreed in Lima

17 June 2014: Bonn, Germany

UN climate change negotiations concluded today after two weeks of discussions in Bonn, Germany. Central to the talks was the continuing dialogue on establishing a universal, legally-binding agreement on climate change. From the outset, the Chair of the Least Developed Countries Group, Mr. Prakash Mathema, stressed that substantial progress was needed to ensure that a legal agreement is reached in Paris, December 2015. As talks suspend, Mathema notes progress but warns that time is running out.

Mathema emphasized the need to get to work when talks commence in October this year. “We hope that we will advance on elements for a draft negotiating text to be agreed in the major climate change meeting later this year in Lima, Peru. This means that the coming months of climate change talks are critical. We cannot be delayed by procedural discussions. We must put our heads together and start drafting the new agreement.”

All Parties are requested to come forward by the first quarter of 2015 with substantive proposals on how they will contribute to the 2015 agreement. “The LDC Group appreciates the efforts that Parties are undertaking to ensure climate change is adequately and urgently addressed. We welcome the progress made here in Bonn for advancing work on both process and substance towards this goal, but we must do more. We have only 18 months left before we must adopt the agreement, which is a very little time in the international negotiation processes” says Mathema.

He also said that Parties must meet three milestones in Lima, in order to be able to adopt the new Agreement in Paris:

“A decision defining the information nations should present when putting forward their contributions to the 2015 climate agreement; a decision defining the key elements that the agreement should include; and a mandate to negotiate the new agreement within the strongest legal form possible and to be adopted by Parties in Paris”. He also indicates that meeting these milestones will give the poorest and most vulnerable nations some assurance that we are on the right path to address climate impacts effectively. Mathema reminded all, “reaching a strong conclusion in Paris is crucial for us; it is about the very survival of our communities and future generations. If there is no progress, we stand to lose the most.”

The UN climate change negotiations will recommence on 20th October in Bonn, Germany.

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Press Release: Urgent action needed says leader of the Least Developed Countries Group

3 June 2014: Bonn, Germany

The Chair of the Least Developed Countries Group at the UN climate change negotiations said today that the latest science tells us that we can limit global temperature increases to a level that will save the poorest countries in the world. All that is required is the will to do it. But if we don’t act urgently the world’s poorest will suffer.

Two new reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), released in the last three months, present alarming realities for the world’s poorest. Extreme temperatures, rainfall and drought, increase in aridity, more intense tropical cyclones, rising sea levels, and ocean acidification are among other adverse effects of climate change. These effects will lead to declining crop yields, undernourishment, injury and ill-health, and a number of other socioeconomic and development challenges.

The Chair of the LDC Group, Mr. Prakash Mathema, said, “It is still technically and economically feasible to limit temperature increases to below 1.5°C, but only if we all work together to resolve the climate change problem. If some countries advance their own interests and ignore the need for international cooperation, then we are doomed.” Read the rest of this entry »

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Press Release: The LDCs call for the inaugural meeting of the Year of ambition to be placed on a very high stand

10 March 2014
For immediate release

While the future of the planet and of its people is at stake, politicians, government officials and diplomats involved in the climate negotiations have been busy arguing over words, speeches and processes.

While the world continues to warm and heat waves and droughts intensify, Parties to the UNFCCC seem to have regressed in their ambition to adopt strong, but beneficial measures.

While the science tells us we can still avoid the most dangerous changes through real ambitious actions it also tells us that the time is running out. Instead of facing this challenge, the international negotiations seem to be relegated to fighting over fragmented and ineffective solutions through isolated, independent and disconnected actions.

Mr. Prakash Mathema, the Chair of the group says- “We all have invested a lot of time and resources in this process and the efforts that we have put together for many years rightly deserve to achieve concrete outcomes that can effectively address this urgent issue of global warming. Any delay in global climate action will lead to greater adverse effects, increased needs for adaptation as well as more serious residual and permanent loss and damage in the least developed countries – and other vulnerable countries. The most rational way to move ahead is to acknowledge the scientific evidence and act accordingly. That evidence tells us we must act fast.” Read the rest of this entry »

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Media statement by Least Developed Countries Group at UN climate change talks

For immediate release

Contact: Munjurul Hannan Khan, spokesperson, LDCs: munjurulKhan@gmail.comor +12042943425

What follows is a media statement from the Least Developed Countries Group at UN climate change talks.

While expressing frustration at the overall progress in the international negotiations under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the LDC Group welcomes the establishment of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage by COP 19.

The Group believes that the mechanism will fill a major gap in addressing climate change as it will deal with losses and damages after the limits of adaptation are crossed. The Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage is intended to meet the growing needs in developing countries, in the long term, to cover the economic and non-economic losses from climate change. The LDCs are fully dedicated to continuing to play their role in making the mechanism fully functional in the coming years.

The Group also welcomes the move forward towards the 2015 agreement, but remains worried and concerned at the lack of ambition. The agreement reached in Warsaw far from satisfies the needs of the Least Developed Countries and even creates concerns regarding the negotiating process leading up to the COP21 in 2015.

It is important to make sure that the replacement of the expression “commitments” by “contributions” in the ADP decision will not lead to misinterpretation, and will not undermine the capacity – and the stringency – of the 2015 agreement to prevent dangerous levels of global warming.

Parties need to accelerate their work for a legally binding agreement in Paris and the LDC Group will continue to engage in the negotiating process at the UNFCCC in order to keep the global mean temperature increase below 1.5 degrees by the end of the century.

The LDC lead coordinator for ADP, Pa Ousman Jarju says: “If we are to meet the 2015 deadline, we should advance quickly on many fronts, including a decision to set up a clear process to clarify everybody’s emissions reduction target – and financial contributions – under the new agreement. With the survival of nations at stake, only the highest level of commitment from all is acceptable, guaranteeing global climate action is taken at a level that stabilizes the average global temperature to prevent dangerous climate change.”

Prakash Mathema, the Chair of the LDC Group, says: “Developed countries should contribute effectively in the global process of climate change negotiations by providing support to climate vulnerable least developed countries and other developing countries to address adverse impacts of climate change while paving the way for enhanced action for all to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases.”

Although the LDC Group appreciates the contributions of some developed country Parties to the Least Developed Countries Fund and the Adaptation Fund, commitments from developed country Parties have fallen short regarding the real needs. The Group has also called for immediate capitalization and full operationalization of the Green Climate Fund.

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Developing countries unanimously call for loss and damage mechanism at Warsaw Climate Conference as tragedy of super Typhoon Haiyan unfolds

The following is a joint press release from the Least Developed Countries, the Alliance of Small Island States, the Africa Group and the G77/China negotiating blocs at the UN climate change conference in Warsaw. For interviews, contact the LDCs spokesperson: Munjurul Hannan Khan: or +48 690 507 519

11 November 2013:

Loss and damage occurs when climate change related harm affects vulnerable people and countries. The issue is expected to feature prominently in negotiations at the UN Climate Conference, which takes place from the 11-22 November in Warsaw, Poland. “Loss and damage from climate change is a reality today across the world,” says Naderev “Yeb” Sano, Climate Change Commissioner of the Philippines, “My family ground, my home country just suffered a Typhoon, for which the scale has yet to be created”.

He adds: “Developed country emissions cut targets are dangerously low and must be raised immediately, but even if they were in line with developing country demands of reducing 40—50% on 1990 levels, we would still have locked–‐in climate change and would still need to address the issue of loss and damage.”

The Group of G77 and China calls for an international coordinated response from the UNFCCC that will help tackle the challenge of long-term changes brought by global warming.

Juan Hoffmaister, lead negotiator on loss and damage for the group of G77, says, “We are trying to negotiate a mechanism that will address what happens if food production is no longer feasible, or that people have to leave their homelands because of climate change.”

Malia Talakai, the AOSIS spokesperson for loss and damage, adds, “SIDS are also put in a position of having to deal with loss and damage from climate change impacts that cannot be adapted to. The survival of our member nations is in all our hands. This is a grave responsibility and we must act with the urgency it demands and establish an international mechanism to address loss and damage in Warsaw. The international mechanism must address the needs of SIDS and other particularly vulnerable countries.”

“Loss and damage is complex because it is about the human face of climate change impacts. We are not merely discussing economic costs, we are not discussing only weather events, but also slowly creeping changes from climate change,” argues Elia del Carmen Guerra of Panama.

Patience Damptey, negotiator for the African Group, adds, “Communities in developing countries who have done the least to cause climate change are now suffering these irreversible impacts. That is why we have a united position among developing countries to create an UNFCCC loss and damage mechanism.”

Adao Barbosa, outlining the position of the LDC group, said, “If we leave Warsaw without a loss and damage mechanism we will have failed in building a comprehensive response to climate change that truly considers the needs of the poor.”

Juan Hoffmaister concludes for G77, “It’s unacceptable that some continue to sideline this issue, or fob it off as a ‘research agenda’ item. We do need more knowledge, but above all we need more action and political commitment to deal with the concerns of the world’s most vulnerable people.”

Contact: Munjurul Hannan Khan, spokesperson, LDCs: or +48 690 507 519

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Press Release: A Roadmap for 2015 Agreement is Critical to Successful Outcome in Warsaw

For immediate release: 11 November 2013: Warsaw, Poland

Contact: Munjurul Hannan Khan, spokesperson, LDCs: or +48 690 507 519

 “The Least Developed Countries are the poorest and most vulnerable group of countries in the world, who contribute the least to the problems of climate change. We are likely to suffer some of the worst loss and damages, and are least able to cope with them – without substantial financial and technical support. Our very future therefore not only depends on the world keeping global warming temperature to below 1.5°C, but also on how much financial and technical support is made available for adaptation and sustainable development. We therefore need to see concrete outcomes of the talks here in Warsaw and progress towards a strong 2015 agreement.” says the Chair of the group Mr. Prakash Mathema.

As delegates of the world gather in the Polish capital for the annual climate conference, the 49 most vulnerable countries stress that Warsaw should draw the roadmap for an effective international agreement on climate change in 2015. The LDCs urge all developed country parties to fulfill their responsibility to take the lead in addressing the crisis of climate change through ambitious mitigation targets.

Gaps in Climate Finance:

Finance is a key issue for the LDCs for realizing urgent, immediate and long-term adaptation plans as well as achieving sustainable development. Effective progress in climate finance negotiation – as a part of developed countries commitment to act – is crucial for developing countries to take action on the ground and to tackle the adverse impacts, it remains unclear as to how developed countries will fulfill their pledge of mobilizing US$ 100 billion a year by 2020 to address the needs of highly vulnerable developing countries. The availability of climate finance – both in the pre-2020 period, and scaling up beyond 2020, are crucial for the LDCs to be able to adapt and address impacts of climate change. Closing the gap for climate finance through identified sources and ensuring certainty for availability of the funds are the key asks of the LDC group.

Closing the Mitigation Ambition Gap:

Even to achieve the globally agreed 2°C goal requires nations to keep global C02 emissions to no more than 44 gigatonnes by 2020. There is a ‘mitigation gap’ of 8 -13 gigatonnes of CO2: the combined current emissions reduction targets submitted by parties show that emissions will be 52-57 gigatonnes of CO2 by 2020. This mitigation ambition gap is of serious concern for the LDCs. The LDC group would like to see real progress in this issue and will continue to draw attention to the mitigation gap in Warsaw and will urge the developed countries to agree a work plan by which they can deliver robust and enhanced mitigation ambition in 2014 and beyond, to achieve the 2°C goal reaching 1.5 degree target soon.

Adopting a Roadmap for the 2015 Agreement:

In 2011, governments agreed to finalize a new agreement applicable to all by 2015, which will come into force in 2020. The LDC group has already made it clear that the new agreement must be a legally binding protocol, the draft of which must be ready by the end of 2014. This will allow time for domestic stakeholder consultations and to adopt the final Protocol in 2015. The LDC group would like to highlight the importance of having a clear roadmap for negotiating the planning, scope, structure and design of the new 2015 agreement.

Institutional Mechanism for Addressing Loss and Damage:

Addressing loss and damage from the impacts of climate change is crucial for the survival of the LDCs. There will be inevitable losses and damages due to climate change that are beyond the capacities of LDCs to respond and adapt. Last year in Doha, importance of this issue was realized and considered by the parties as one of the major agenda for Warsaw meeting to set up an institutional mechanism under the UNFCCC to address this issue. The LDC group has taken this issue very seriously and would like to urge parties to act here in Warsaw as per the agreement in Doha.

Contact: Munjurul Hannan Khan, spokesperson, LDCs: or +48 690 507 519


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Least Developed Countries demand climate finance figures from rich nations by end of year

Least Developed Countries Group press release

For immediate release.

Bonn, Germany, 14 June, 2013 The world’s least developed countries have today called upon the industrialised nations to provide detailed information about the finance they are willing to provide to help the vulnerable adapt to climate change.

Speaking at the end of international negotiations under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the chair of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Group, Prakash Mathema, said greater financial transparency was needed to implement action to tackle climate change.

The LDC Group requests each industrialised country to provide information on the levels of finance they have provided in 2013 and how much they will provide in future years. The group requests this information to include precise allocations for adaptation specifically, along with a breakdown of how much finance is for the LDCs. The LDCs request that the richer nations provide this information at COP19, the 19th Conference of Parties to the UNFCCC, which takes place in Warsaw at the end of the year.

What follows is a statement from the LDC Chair Prakash Mathema of Nepal.

“The LDC Group expresses its deepest appreciation to the Annex 1 Parties who have made substantial contributions towards supporting adaptation in the LDCs. But there is too much uncertainty about where the future funds will come from. Delayed climate action and lack of ambition to close the mitigation gap will cost more tomorrow than today. We need to move to a sustainable climate smart pathway where life is possible for all and for generations to come. The LDCs, with their weak adaptive capacity and their extreme vulnerability to the adverse impacts of climate change, have already witnessed many catastrophic climate disasters and these events are going to be more frequent, intense and unpredictable. We are all aware of the fact that the level of concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has reached 400 parts per million, the highest level for some three million years. This is alarming. We lament the failure of parties to launch the negotiations under the UNFCCC’s Subsidiary Body for Implementation at the UN negotiations which ended today in Bonn. This is of grave concern to us as issues of implementation are key for the LDCs. We expect this not to happen again at COP19 in Warsaw later this year. Communities around the world have high expectations regarding this process and hope that we, as climate ambassadors, will take some bold decisions very soon to protect humanity from the adverse impacts of climate change. To implement such decisions, financial support is key. We need to act now and we need to act together.”

LDC group spokesperson in Bonn:

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