Archive for In The Media

Press Release: Least Developed Countries group responds to United States withdrawal from the Paris Agreement

Following President Trump’s announcement of his intention to withdraw the US from the Paris Agreement on climate change, the Least Developed Countries (LDC) group, representing nearly one billion people in the 48 poorest countries in the world, expressed disappointment in the decision but emphasised that global climate momentum will continue with or without the US.

Chair of the LDC group, Mr. Gebru Jember Endalew, said: “It is deeply disappointing to see the US shirking its responsibilities as a member of the global community. We are already seeing the impacts of climate change with record droughts, flooding and heat waves recently faced around the world. For LDCs the impacts are especially devastating; as the poorest countries in the world we are highly vulnerable but the least capable to respond to the threat of climate change. By refusing to commit to ambitious action on climate change President Trump is showing disregard for the lives of millions around the world.”

“In Paris the world united with a call for climate action and the wave of momentum now behind the Agreement cannot be slowed by one country deciding to sit on the sidelines. Many countries have taken up the mantle of global climate leadership through ambitious climate policies and innovation, and the US has lost a seat at this table.”

“The international community won’t wait for the US to catch up. Transformations in technology, consumption patterns and demand for clean, green innovations are charging ahead of political will around the world. Countries are learning that taking advantage of these innovations is not only smart for the climate, but smart for the economy. Joining the transition to a green economy means embracing business opportunities that are beneficial for all.”

“The US is only one country. I urge global leaders not to let President Trump’s decision to distract us from the important work we need to do to achieve the vital goals enshrined in the Paris Agreement. I also invite President Trump to reconsider his decision. Let us continue to work together to build a safe world for present and future generations.”

Contact: Mr. Gebru Jember Endalew

Chair of the Least Developed Countries group

 ldcchair.media@gmail.com

Leave a Comment

PRESS RELEASE: Least Developed Countries Group

18 May 2017, the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Bonn, Germany concluded. At the conclusion of the session, Chair of the Least Developed Countries (LDC) group, Gebru Jember Endalew, said “The LDC emphasise that the global response to climate change must be consistent with the best available science. We must limit warming to 1.5˚C to protect lives and livelihoods, and this means peaking global emissions in 2020. Less than three years remain to bend the emissions curve down.”

“Climate change impacts are already striking all corners of the world, and are anticipated to grow substantially over the next few decades. The longer we wait, the more costly adaptation, loss and damage, and mitigation will become. We risk undermining our efforts to eradicate poverty and keep in line with our sustainable development goals.”

“The LDCs are concerned that we are still far from addressing actual finance needs of developing countries, whose Nationally Determined Contributions tell us that we need to find trillions not billions. Mobilising climate finance is crucial for LDCs and other developing countries to implement the Paris Agreement.”

“The LDCs are pleased that some valuable progress was made during this conference but we are not moving fast enough. This November at COP23 we must make considerable progress towards finalising the ‘rulebook’ that will implement the Paris Agreement without a last minute rush. The LDCs look forward to continuing our work to produce concrete outcomes.”

“The LDCs call on all Parties to redouble their efforts to tackle climate change with the urgency the climate crisis demands. The livelihoods of present and future generations hang in the balance and depend on all countries taking fair and ambitious action.”

Leave a Comment

PRESS RELEASE: Least Developed Countries Group

 

Pursuing progress at the Bonn climate negotiations

From 8-18 May 2017, the United Nations climate change negotiations will be held in Bonn, Germany. It is important that substantive progress is made on the rules and processes that will fully operationalise the Paris Agreement. This session marks the half-way point to the finalisation of this process by 2018.

Chair of the Least Developed Countries (LDC) Group, Gebru Jember Endalew, said “climate change is costing lives and livelihoods, particularly in poor and vulnerable countries so there is a need for urgent action by all countries. The LDC Group will continue to push for fair and ambitious action by all.”

“For many of our countries, keeping the global temperature rise below 1.5 degrees Celsius is a matter of survival. Therefore, we all have to work towards a cleaner, greener, low-carbon global society as soon as possible.”

“Protecting people, livelihoods and economies also requires adapting to the impacts of climate change that are already devastating communities, erasing hard-won development gains and forcing mass migration. In this regard, I am deeply concerned about the lack of available support for adaptation, leaving the poorest and most vulnerable in society to weather the worst impacts of climate change with the least means to cope. Meanwhile the Least Developed Countries Fund, a key source of support for adaptation planning and implementation, sits empty.”

“Many LDCs have made ambitious commitments under the Paris Agreement. However, these commitments cannot be implemented without substantial support, including technological and financial support. Many estimates suggest that more than $100 trillion is needed to transition to a global low-carbon society. The financial support committed by developed countries to date falls far short of this figure and is therefore woefully inadequate. The little that has nominally been made available through various funds and institutions continues to be inaccessible for our countries that the lack individual and institutional capacity to readily access those funds. In short, climate finance must begin to actually flow to the countries that need it and be scaled up drastically if we are to limit global warming to safe levels and avoid the most catastrophic impacts of climate change across the globe.”

“Despite the challenges LDCs face, we are leading through action, for example by building on the successful launch of the LDC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative at COP22. Through this initiative, LDCs are taking charge of their energy future and security and empowering our poorest communities to pursue sustainable development through equitable access to clean, sustainable and low-carbon energy.”

The LDC Group has already convened in Bonn for preparatory meetings from 1-2 May, to consolidate our positions and strategies ahead of the upcoming negotiations.

Further details on these topics, as well as other prominent issues arising at the Bonn conference can be found in the LDC group’s Media Background Note (below).

 

 

Media Background Note

The Least Developed Countries Group and the Bonn Climate Change Conference

From 8-18 May 2017, the United Nations climate change negotiations will convene in Bonn, Germany.[1] This session marks the half-way point to the finalisation of the UNFCCC’s ‘rule book’ to implement the Paris Agreement in 2018, so it is vitally important that substantive progress is made.

The negotiations follow more than a year of growing political momentum within the international community to address climate change. In December 2015 the Paris Agreement was adopted and on 4 November 2016 it entered into force – an achievement that came far sooner than expected.

While international political progress over the past year has been significant, countries are still far from implementing actions on the scale required to steer the planet away from dangerous climate change and achieve the goals that have been set under international agreements. For developing countries, and particularly the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), the Bonn conference is an important opportunity to continue working towards a strong and fair international response to climate change, to protect poor and vulnerable communities across the world and safeguard the planet for future generations.

With work under the Paris Agreement now underway, the focus of the climate change negotiations must be firmly on action and implementation. At COP22[2] in Marrakech, Parties began negotiating how the UNFCCC’s ‘rule book’ will be elaborated to ensure the commitments Parties made in Paris are translated into tangible actions to address climate change. However, progress in Marrakech was slower than the LDC group had hoped. In Bonn, the international community must work productively to make the decisions needed to implement the Paris Agreement.

Detailed in this note are some of the key questions arising in Bonn, including:

  • How will support be secured for poor and vulnerable countries?
  • How will global temperature goals be met?
  • How will countries adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change?
  • How will countries cope with the unavoidable impacts of climate change?
  • How will countries assess progress and adjust actions to successfully implement the Paris Agreement?

Progress of the “LDC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative (REEEI) for Sustainable Development” is also outlined; an initiative reflecting LDC’s commitment to taking real action on climate change.

The LDC group is committed to achieving fair and ambitious outcomes on all of the issues arising at the Bonn conference, not just those listed here. For further information, interviews, briefings or quotes on these topics or others from the LDC group please email  ldcchair.media@gmail.com to be put in touch with Gebru Jember Endalew, Chair of the LDC group.

1.     How will support to poor and vulnerable countries be secured?

A prominent issue in Bonn will take place around the commitment made by developed countries to mobilise a minimum of $100bn a year in climate finance to support developing countries to adapt to climate change and take actions to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

Developing countries are the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and yet many lack the capacity to adequately protect their populations from the severe storms, increased drought, sea level rise and spreading disease that is already starting to occur. While most developing countries have submitted plans to limit their emissions in their intended or final Nationally Determined Contributions under the Paris Agreement, many have also noted the need for support to carry out these commitments.

Over the next two decades more than $100tn USD will be needed to finance the necessary infrastructure for the transition to a global low carbon economy.[3] Preliminary estimates of the total amount of finance required for developing countries to implement their NDCs over a similar period are small in comparison, exceeding $4tn USD, however the finance to meet these commitments is lacking. Currently only $35.3bn USD has been pledged to climate finance across multiple different funds, falling far short of any of these measures.[4] Only 8% of this ($2.6bn) has been disbursed, and of this very little finds its way to the poorest countries. With the election of Donald Trump, $2bn of the US’ pledged $3bn to the Green Climate Fund is unlikely to materialise. Greater action therefore needs to be taken in mobilising public finance and stimulating private finance, particularly in the poorest countries which are slipping through the gaps.

A key issue with respect to climate finance is also how it is tracked and accounted for. Climate change is a challenge which is both additional to and exacerbates existing development challenges, so to ensure all countries have the tools and resources to reduce their emissions and protect their communities it is important that the finance counted towards the $100bn minimum target represents new and additional finance that goes beyond Official Development Assistance.

LDC ministers have emphasised the importance of developing country ownership over finance provided, urging the Financial Mechanism of the Paris Agreement “to ensure country ownership, facilitate direct access and provide support while prioritizing the most vulnerable countries, particularly LDCs, to develop quality projects.”[5] However, many vulnerable countries still have difficulty accessing finance that has been pledged, so there is a need to make access to, and disbursement, of funds more straightforward. Many of these issues will arise during the in-session workshop on long-term climate finance on 15 May 2017 in Bonn.

Capacity building is another prominent issue, and the first meeting of the Paris Committee on Capacity-building will take place in Bonn from 11-13 May. The outcomes of the Committee’s work are of particular importance to LDCs, with capacity constraints forming a serious impediment to the pursuit of low-carbon development. Strengthening the abilities of LDCs and other developing countries to take climate action and have a voice in the international arena is vital to a truly global response to climate change. Recognising the disproportionate impacts of climate change on women and the significant role they have to play in climate solutions is one important consideration in this regard

2.    How will global temperature goals be met?

In Bonn, key discussions will continue around action to curb greenhouse gas emissions to safe limits for communities and ecosystems across the world. Reports by the IPCC (the UN’s climate science panel) highlight the urgent need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to avoid the most catastrophic of projected impacts. The Paris Agreement sets a goal of keeping average global temperatures well below 2°C and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.[6] This goal must be taken seriously as many vulnerable countries face devastating impacts even with 1.5°C of warming, including small island states, some of which could disappear due to rising sea-levels at warming above these levels. Higher levels of warming increase the risks of severe, pervasive and irreversible impacts.[7]

If countries continue emitting in a business as usual scenario the world will experience warming of 2.6-4.8°C above preindustrial levels by the end of the century.[8] Current targets set by countries under their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions globally are also not enough, and are projected to lead to temperatures 3-3.5 degrees above preindustrial levels (this is also assuming full implementation of developing country commitments which are conditional on the provision of support from developed countries).[9]

The Paris Agreement provides that every five years countries will submit a new NDC that represents a ‘progression’ beyond their current commitments.[10] Thus, important discussions will be had in Bonn around how the Paris Agreement will facilitate an upwards spiralling of commitments that is both fair and proportional to the task at hand. This will include mechanisms to enhance accountability among countries such as reporting and review requirements, to enable the scrutinization of countries’ actions against the best available science (further discussed in part 4 below).

3.     How will countries adapt to climate change?

Ongoing discussions around how countries will adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change are imperative to an effective global response, with communities across the world at risk. These impacts are particularly acute in the LDCs, as extreme weather events, increased drought and floods, and the spread of tropical diseases threaten public health, food security and water supplies. LDC ministers have emphasised the need to “raise the profile of adaptation by insisting on recognition of adaptation efforts”.[11] Recognition of adaptation as a component of the commitments made by countries under their NDCs was an important achievement in Paris.[12]

The Paris Agreement provides for countries to submit ‘adaptation communications’, including their priorities, implementation and support needs, plans and actions. Parties began to develop specific modalities for the adaptation communications in Marrakech in 2016, and these negotiations will continue in Bonn.[13] Many LDCs have spent considerable time and effort developing National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) and for these countries it is important that they are able to submit their NAPs as their Adaptation Communication.

LDCs have consistently expressed their concern at the lack of support given to developing countries for adaptation actions. The LDC Fund, designed to help LDCs formulate NAPs, currently lies empty. Important discussions in Bonn will therefore also centre around how developed countries will provide support to ensure all countries can meet their adaptation commitments. LDC ministers have called for the “mobilization of adequate and effective support for adaptation”,[14] to enable communities to prepare their economies, infrastructure and social support structures for the impacts of climate change. An important point for the negotiation room is to ensure that the Adaptation Fund is clearly linked to the Paris Agreement to help mobilise finance to support adaptation in developing countries.

4.     How will countries cope with unavoidable climate impacts?

Not all of the negative effects of climate change can be avoided through adaptation. With a changing climate, communities who are reliant on agriculture can have their livelihoods wiped out during a single bad drought, while island states face the loss of homes, culture and historic ties to their land. Thus, an important aspect of responding to climate change effectively is addressing impacts that communities are not able to cope with or adapt to. In the UNFCCC process this is referred to as ‘loss and damage’.

A significant achievement in Paris was the recognition of loss and damage as a key action area in the international community’s response to climate change, with a standalone provision in the Paris Agreement. However, as with adaptation, the loss and damage provision is expressed in general terms and further work will be required to fully elaborate a mechanism to “enhance understanding, action and support” with respect to loss and damage.[15]

A central component of the framework for loss and damage negotiated in Paris is strengthening the existing Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts.  Countries agreed that this will include establishing a clearinghouse for risk transfer to act as a repository for information to assist with the development of comprehensive risk management strategies.[16] This will help developing countries to gain greater understanding of and access to risk management tools such as insurance and contingency funds that can be used to address loss and damage. A task force to assist people displaced by the impacts of climate change will also be developed.[17]

5.    How will countries assess progress and adjust actions to successfully implement the Paris Agreement?

Important discussions will continue in Bonn around how to develop the mechanisms to enhance transparency, take stock of progress, and promote compliance with the Paris Agreement. Each of these components are key to ratchetting up climate action to put the world on track to meet the goals set in Paris.

Key to ensuring ambitious, upscaled action on all aspects of the Paris Agreement is a transparency framework setting out clear guidelines for reporting, reviewing and assessing progress. A strong transparency framework allows for all countries, civil society organisations and the public generally to understand what action is being taken to mitigate and adapt to climate change and mobilise support, and where individual countries are falling short of their climate targets.

The Paris Agreement also establishes a new global stocktake which will take stock of progress globally towards implementing the Paris Agreement. The global stocktake is an important process to ensure the world remains on the right trajectory and further negotiations about the design of the global stocktake will occur in Bonn.

For those countries which are failing to meet their targets or having difficulty in doing so, a new compliance mechanism is also being negotiated which will help facilitate effective implementation of the Agreement. A comprehensive compliance mechanism where parties can be referred from a variety of sources (including self-referral, referral by other parties and referral from the transparency mechanism) will ensure all countries receive the advice and expert guidance needed to help them stay on track.

6.     The LDC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative for Sustainable Development

The Bonn conference will provide a platform for the advancing collaborative efforts by countries to act on climate change. Of particular significance to the LDCs is the “LDC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative (REEEI) for Sustainable Development”, which was successfully launched in Marrakech last November.

The LDC REEEI empowers LDCs to take charge of their sustainable development pathways, improving livelihoods across the LDCs by facilitating access to modern, clean, resilient energy systems for millions of energy-starved people. Through improved energy access and the creation of jobs, the Initiative will simultaneously contribute to the realisation of the Sustainable Development Goals. The initiative aims to ensure no LDC will be left behind by supporting African LDCs to participate effectively in the Africa Renewable Energy Initiative, while developing similar opportunities for Asian and other LDCs. The initiative also offers an opportunity for developed countries to fulfil their commitments to provide financial, technological and capacity building support under UNFCCC agreements.

The LDC REEEI forms a pillar of the Marrakech Global Partnership on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, which will foster access to energy and sustainable development across the LDCs, African countries and small island and other developing states.

 

[1] The conference will include the third part of the first session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA 1-3), the forty-sixth sessions of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 46) and Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 46).

[2] The 22nd Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), held in Marrakech, Morocco in November 2016.

[3] Rounded up from an estimated $93tn over the next 15 years. http://www.cisl.cam.ac.uk/publications/publication-pdfs/financing-the-global-low-carbon-transition.pdf

[4] Neha Rai, Sara Best and Marek Soanes, ‘Unlocking climate finance for decentralised energy access’, Working Paper, June 2016, IIED: http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/16621IIED.pdf

[5] Communiqué from the LDC Pre-Marrakech ministerial meeting, hosted in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, 28 September 2016, Annex: thematic priorities: https://ldcclimate.wordpress.com/2016/10/22/ldc-pre-marrakech-ministerial-meeting-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-congo-28-september-2016/.

[6] Paris Agreement, Article 2(1)(a).

[7] UNFCCC 2013-2015 Review and Structured Expert Dialogue http://unfccc.int/files/science/workstreams/the_2013-2015_review/application/pdf/sed_final_report_presentation_a__fischlin__zou_ji.pdf

[8] IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, summary for policy makers, page 10: https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/syr/AR5_SYR_FINAL_SPM.pdf

[9] UNEP Emissions Gap Report 2015, pages 21-22. http://uneplive.unep.org/media/docs/theme/13/EGR_2015_301115_lores.pdf

[10] Paris Agreement, Article 3.

[11] Communiqué from the LDC Pre-Marrakech ministerial meeting, hosted in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, 28 September 2016, Annex: thematic priorities: https://ldcclimate.wordpress.com/2016/10/22/ldc-pre-marrakech-ministerial-meeting-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-congo-28-september-2016/ .

[12] Paris Agreement, Article 3.

[13] Paris Agreement, Articles 3 and 7.

[14] Communiqué from the LDC Pre-Marrakech ministerial meeting, hosted in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, 28 September 2016, Annex: thematic priorities: https://ldcclimate.wordpress.com/2016/10/22/ldc-pre-marrakech-ministerial-meeting-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-congo-28-september-2016/ .

[15] Paris Agreement, Article 8(3).

[16] Decision 1/CP.21 Article 49

[17] Decision 1/CP.21 Article 50.

Leave a Comment

Chair of Least Developed Countries Group responds to US Rollback on Climate Action

On 28 March, President Trump signed an executive order significantly undermining US action on climate change.

This decision will roll back US plans to decarbonise its energy sector and economy under the Clean Power Plan. It will also derail the US’ efforts to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions in line with its commitments to the international community in the global fight against climate change.

Chair of the Least Developed Countries Group, Gebru Jember Endalew, said: “I am seriously concerned that President Trump has decided to roll back key climate change policies and hinder the progress made in decarbonising the US economy because this decision will have a serious impact on the global trajectory on climate action.  It will also have a significant, detrimental impact on the US economy, American jobs and industry, and the health of Americans, their children and future generations.”

“Climate change is already causing devastating impacts, both in the US and on the poor and vulnerable people in our countries. Communities in our countries have been feeling these impacts for decades. Americans too have already felt the impact of record droughts, heat waves, flooding and rising sea levels. These impacts will only become more severe without ambitious action and cooperation by all nations, including the US.”

“Countries, states, cities and the biggest companies across the US and the world are already taking such action and inspiring others to do the same. The most progressive countries in the world are leading the way with their ambitious action and they are on track to define and lead the new low-carbon economies of the future. They will be the most prosperous and competitive societies as a result. Even in the US, there are already more Americans working in jobs providing clean energy than all fossil fuels-related jobs combined. It is clear that this momentum is real and undeniable”.

“The world cannot afford to wait. In the face of this US President’s decision, the international community must continue to tackle climate change and cooperate to meet the vital goals we set in the historic Paris Agreement for the safety of present and future generations.”

“I am heartened by the commitments of other countries in the international community to take on a leadership role on climate change.”

“I strongly urge President Trump to reconsider his decision, to protect current and future generations of Americans and to meet the US’ international commitments in the global effort to tackle climate change. America needs to develop a clear and effective plan to do this. The US should also continue to play an important role in the solution by re-joining the collective fight against climate change and continuing to provide crucial support to the countries that need it.”

Leave a Comment

COP22 Launches Major Global Partnership on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

MARRAKECH–Last night representatives of dozens of developing countries, including Africa, small island states, least developed countries and Central American countries joined COP President Morocco in launching the Marrakech Global Partnership on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency.  The Global Partnership is a major outcome on clean energy from a conference aiming to deliver concrete action and implementation, after a year of high momentum following the adoption of the Paris Agreement.

The launch of the Global Partnership is the culmination of a year of collaboration among emerging renewable energy and energy efficiency initiatives worldwide. In May of this year at climate negotiations in Bonn, Germany, leaders of key negotiating blocs called for for a global partnership. There the Chairs of the Least Developed Countries (LDC) Group, African Group and Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS)- representing over 90 countries – were joined by leaders from Morocco and Sweden, building off the inspiration of the Africa Renewable Energy Initiative (AREI), launched at COP 21 in Paris last year. The AREI, a program with pledges of USD 10 billion in financial support, aims to accelerate the harnessing of Africa’s huge renewable energy potential in an African-owned and African-led effort to mobilise 300 GW of renewable energy generation capacity in Africa by 2030.

Founders of the Global Partnership include five regional renewable energy and energy efficiency initiatives from Africa, small island states and least developed countries as well as collaboration with central American countries.

Mr. Tosi Mpanu-Mpanu, Chair of the LDCs, set out the Global Partnership’s vision at the launch, and said: “at this action and implementation COP, the Marrakech Global Partnership is a concrete outcome brightening the futures of the 1.3bn people who currently lack adequate access to energy. The Global Partnership forms a ‘roof’ supported by the sturdy pillars of regional initiatives, including the newly launched LDC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative (REEEI) for Sustainable Development. These pillars support a home that is more than the sum of its parts, catalysing transformative global action in the energy sector by growing capacity, sharing knowledge and building synergies.”

Mr. Amjad Abdulla, Chief Negotiator for AOSIS, said: “Island states are increasingly threatened by food insecurity, water shortages and devastating storms. We have recognised the urgency and decided to act now through our Initiative for Renewable Island Energy and the Global Partnership, demonstrating that countries most in need of access to clean energy and ambitious climate action are taking the lead in driving it.”

Ambassador Seyni Nafo, Chair of the African Group, said: “It is gratifying to see this African proposal for a Global Partnership take flight at a conference hosted by Africans on the African continent. Just as Africa is taking a lead through the Africa Renewable Energy Initiative, so must the rest of the world move towards low-to-zero carbon energy systems to keep warming below 1.5 degrees C.”

Mr. Ram Prasad Dhital, Executive Director, Alternative Energy Promotion Centre, Ministry of Population and Environment, Government of Nepal, said: “Only 5% of global energy finance flows into low income countries. The LDC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative is not trying to reinvent the wheel. Instead, it will fill the cracks LDCs currently fall through by facilitating access to finance flows and building capacity to establish the policies, regulations and project pipelines needed to get local projects off the ground.”

Minister Paul Oquist, of the Republic of Nicaragua, said: “I’ve often wondered why the most solar panels in the world are in the countries with the least sunshine. Many developing countries have enormous untapped renewable energy potential and the Global Partnership will enable communities to harness this. The link between electricity access and poverty is undeniable.Through the Global Partnership, Central American countries and other developing countries are on the path to low-carbon, sustainable development.”

Mr. Diego Pacheco, Head of the Bolivian Delegation at the UNFCCC, said: “The Plurinational State of Bolivia is pleased to associate with the Global Partnership. Policies and actions to facilitate renewable energy and energy efficiency in developing countries, are essential for moving towards sustainable development in harmony with Mother Earth.”

Mr. Saïd Mouline, Director of public/private partnership COP22, said: “The Global Partnership is a key outcome from COP22 and a shining light for South-South Cooperation. Developing countries are going above and beyond to take ambitious action in the energy sector and steer the world towards a safe and prosperous future for all. Morocco is proud to contribute a strong pillar to the Global Partnership with the International Energy Efficiency Initiative.”

Representatives of Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) also attended the event to welcome the new Partnership and expressed their support.  In addition, the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) which has been working in partnership with small island developing states to develop Initiative for Renewable Island Energy was also recognized as important.     

Leave a Comment

Least Developed Countries Launch Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative, Join Global Partnership to Rapidly Scale Up Clean Energy Transformation Worldwide

 

LDC REEEI graphic.PNG

MARRAKECH–Today, the Least Developed Countries Group announced the launch of its new Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative (REEEI) for Sustainable Development. The initiative is one of the key, concrete outcomes of the Marrakech climate conference.

REEEI will scale up the provision of renewable energy to LDCs while promoting energy efficiency; recognising the crucial role that energy plays in rural development, industrialisation and the provision of services. REEEI was welcomed by LDC ministers and heads of delegation, representing the world’s 48 poorest countries, at a meeting of LDC negotiators in Kinshasa in September. REEEI will be a key element of the Global Partnership on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, also to be launched in Marrakech.

Representatives of the LDC group sparking life into the initiative include:

  • Tosi Mpanu-Mpanu, Chair of the Least Developed Countries Group and Head of delegation of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Gebru Jember Endalew, Incoming Chair of the Least Developed Countries Group and head of delegation of Ethiopia
  • Ram Prasad Dhital, Executive Director of Alternative Energy Promotion Centre, Ministry of Population and Environment, Nepal

Mr. Mpanu-Mpanu said “The LDC REEEI demonstrates the continued commitment of the LDC Group to real solutions that benefit real people on the ground. The initiative will enable LDCs to leapfrog fossil fuel based energy and light up the lives of millions of energy-starved people through modern, clean and resilient energy systems.”

“The adoption of the Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals are flicking the switch on a new phase of global action and implementation. The LDC REEEI is an important part of this process emerging from the Marrakech climate conference, providing concrete action to address climate change while empowering the world’s most vulnerable communities to build a path to sustainable development.”

Mr. Jember said “The LDC REEEI is a key success for the LDC Group here in Marrakech. Going forward the initiative will empower our poorest communities and put the LDCs ahead of the curve in taking ambitious mitigation action.”

“The initiative will ensure no LDC is left behind by strengthening the capacity of LDCs to tap into existing initiatives, including the Africa Renewable Energy Initiative, and providing support to those who fall within the cracks between current frameworks.”

Mr. Dhital said “Most of the world’s 1.3bn people who lack adequate access to energy live in LDCs. Yet we face many economic, social and institutional obstacles on the path to energy growth, and grapple with a lack of capacity to overcome them.”

“The LDC REEEI will stimulate decentralised energy, which can have the fastest impacts in rural communities and deliver local-ownership over energy supply, putting power into the hands of the people.”

Les Pays les Moins Avancés lancent l’Initiative pour l’Energie Renouvelable et l’Efficacité Energétique et rejoignent le Partenariat mondial pour une transition vers les énergies propres.

MARRAKECH – Aujourd’hui, le Groupe des Pays les Moins Avancés a annoncé le lancement de sa nouvelle Initiative pour l’Energie Renouvelable et l’Efficacité Energétique (IEREE) en faveur du développement durable. L’initiative est l’un des résultats clés et concrets de la conférence de Marrakech sur le climat.

L’IEREE permettra d’augmenter la part d’énergie renouvelable au sein des PMA et fera la promotion de l’efficacité énergétique car l’énergie joue un rôle crucial dans le développement rural, l’industrialisation et l’accès aux services. L’IEREE a été accueillie très favorablement par les ministres des PMA et les chefs de délégation représentant les 48 pays les plus pauvres du monde lors d’une réunion des négociateurs des PMA à Kinshasa en septembre. L’IEREE sera un élément clé du Partenariat mondial pour les énergies renouvelables et l’efficacité énergétique, qui sera également lancé à Marrakech.

Parmi les représentants du groupe des PMA qui ont lancé cette initiative, on peut citer :

– M. Tosi Mpanu-Mpanu, Président du Groupe des Pays les Moins Avancés et Chef de la délégation de la République Démocratique du Congo

– M. Gebru Jember Endalew, Président entrant du Groupe des Pays les Moins Avancés et Chef de la délégation de l’Éthiopie

– M. Ram Prasad Dhital, Directeur exécutif du Centre de promotion des énergies alternatives, Ministère de la population et de l’environnement, Népal

Mpanu-Mpanu a déclaré: « L’IEREE lancée par les PMA témoigne de l’engagement continu du Groupe des PMA à trouver de véritables solutions qui profitent réellement aux citoyens dans leur vie quotidienne. L’initiative permettra aux PMA de se passer des combustibles fossiles et d’éclairer la vie de millions de personnes privées d’énergie grâce à des systèmes énergétiques modernes, propres et résilients. »

« L’adoption de l’Accord de Paris et des Objectifs de Développement Durable donnent le coup d’envoi d’une nouvelle phase d’action et de mise en œuvre à l’échelle mondiale. L’IEREE des PMA est un élément important de la conférence de Marrakech sur le climat, fournissant des mesures concrètes pour lutter contre le changement climatique tout en donnant aux communautés les plus vulnérables la possibilité de construire un chemin vers le développement durable. »

Jember a déclaré: « L’IEREE des PMA est un succès clé pour le Groupe des PMA ici à Marrakech. Cette initiative permettra aux communautés les plus démunies d’aller de l’avant et de mettre les PMA à l’avant-garde avec des actions ambitieuses de réduction des émissions. »

«L’initiative permettra de veiller à ce qu’aucun PMA ne soit laissé de côté en renforçant la capacité de tous à exploiter les initiatives existantes, y compris l’Initiative Africaine pour les Energies Renouvelables, et en apportant un soutien aux exclus du système actuel.

Dhital a déclaré : «La majorité des 1,3 milliard de personnes dans le monde qui sont privés d’un accès à l’énergie vivent dans les PMA. Pourtant, nous sommes confrontés à de nombreux obstacles économiques, sociaux et institutionnels sur la voie de la croissance énergétique, et nous faisons face à un manque de capacité pour les surmonter ».

« Seulement 8% du financement climatique promis a réellement été utilisé à ce jour. Et concernant le financement de l’énergie, pourtant celui le mieux doté, les pays pauvres n’en ont reçu que 5%. Cette initiative aiderait les PMA à développer leur capacité de mettre en place les politiques et les projets nécessaires pour accroître les financements de l’énergie. »

Et M. Mpanu-Mpanu d’ajouter: « L’IEREE stimulera l’énergie décentralisée, qui peut avoir les impacts les plus rapides dans les communautés rurales et relocalisera localement l’approvisionnement en énergie en mettant le pouvoir dans les mains des gens. »

photo2

Leave a Comment

Least Developed Countries group calls for fair and ambitious action at COP22

From 7-18 November 2016, the United Nations climate change negotiations will convene in Marrakech, Morocco, for COP 22. The negotiations come after a year of growing international political momentum to address climate change, following the historic adoption of the Paris Agreement in December 2015. Chair of the Least Developed Countries (LDC) group, Tosi Mpanu-Mpanu, said “COP22 will be an action and implementation COP. As the world’s poorest countries, the LDC group calls for fair and ambitious action. We must build upon the foundations set in Paris to construct robust rules to support the Agreement’s implementation.”

Noting with concern that full implementation of current pledges by countries to cut greenhouse gas emissions puts the world on track for 3-3.5°C of warming above pre-industrial levels, Mr Mpanu-Mpanu said: “Science tells us that beyond temperature increases of 1.5°C the future of our planet stands on increasingly thin ice. It is imperative for communities across the world that countries take seriously their goal to pursue efforts to keep temperatures below 1.5°C. We cannot afford to treat this as an aspirational goal. An upwards spiralling of commitments to cut emissions that is both fair and proportionate to challenge rising before us is vital.”

LDCs plan to contribute to these global efforts through the LDC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative (REEEI) for Sustainable Development, among other ways. Mr Mpanu-Mpanu said: “the upcoming launch of the LDC REEEI in Marrakech demonstrates the continued commitment of the LDC group to real solutions that benefit real people on the ground. The Initiative will enable LDCs to leapfrog fossil fuel based energy and generate prosperity by bringing modern, clean, resilient energy systems to millions of energy-starved people.”

LDCs are particularly vulnerable to climate change, with hazards including rising sea levels, extreme weather events, increased drought and floods and the spread of tropical diseases threatening health and food security. “As LDCs, we lack the resources and capacity to adequately protect our communities from the devastating impacts of climate change. In Marrakech we seek greater commitment from developed countries to provide financial support, technology and capacity building to enable LDCs to respond to the climate crisis,” Mr Mpanu-Mpanu said.

The Marrakech meeting will see entry into force of the Paris Agreement on 4 November. Mr. Mpanu-Mpanu said: “the first meeting of the CMA is an important springboard for the implementation of the Paris Agreement. We celebrate newfound global unity to act on climate change. But given the moment of entry into force has arrived earlier than anticipated we must also ensure countries yet to deposit their instruments of ratification are not left behind on the launchpad. We look forward to an inclusive and transparent process in Marrakech that allows all countries to participate as we approach this next hurdle.”

Mr Mpanu-Mpanu also emphasised the necessity of pre-2020 action: “The impacts of climate change are already upon us. Pre-2020 action must be strengthened urgently to provide the thrust needed to propel our economies and policies towards effective, sustainable and ambitious actions.”

The LDC group has already convened in Marrakech for preparatory meetings from 1-2 November, to consolidate LDC positions and strategies ahead of the upcoming negotiations.

Leave a Comment

Older Posts »