Ministers from World’s Poorest Countries Call for New Initiative on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

On 28 September, Ministers and Heads of Delegation from the Least Developed Countries (LDC) Group welcomed a new initiative designed to scale up renewable energy and energy efficiency for the world’s poorest and least developed countries.

The new initiative, called the “LDC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative (REEEI) for Sustainable Development”, is to be launched at the next UN climate change conference to be held in Marrakech this November.

“This Initiative is a bold, collaborative effort by the LDCs to drive the global charge towards clean, renewable energy future. It will enable LDCs to leapfrog fossil fuel based energy by providing modern, clean, resilient energy systems that will generate prosperity and safeguard our futures,” said the Chair of the LDC Group, Tosi Mpanu-Mpanu.

Mr. Mpanu-Mpanu presented the Initiative to LDC Ministers and Heads of Delegation, which was met by broad support. “The adoption of the Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals are propelling the world towards a phase of global action and implementation. The LDC REEEI is an important part of this process, providing concrete action to address climate change while empowering the world’s most vulnerable communities” said Mr. Mpanu-Mpanu.

“Most of the world’s 1.3bn energy-starved people live in LDCs. The LDC REEEI will ensure no LDC is left behind by strengthening the capacity of African LDCs to take advantage of the Africa Renewable Energy Initiative, while providing similar support structures for Asian and other LDCs.”

The Ministerial meeting was one of a number of discussions held during the gathering of LDC negotiators in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, in preparation for COP22. The meeting provided an important opportunity for the LDCs to share knowledge and expertise and to further elaborate their common needs and interests in the lead up to the negotiations.

The endorsement of LDC Ministers and Heads of Delegation builds on international support for the Initiative during the May UNFCCC negotiations in Bonn, Germany, where leaders of key negotiating blocs called for global action on renewable energy and energy efficiency. Mr. Mpanu-Mpanu also presented the Initiative at a High-Level event at the UN Headquarters in New York City on 21 September.

“As we head towards COP22 in Marrakech, the LDC REEEI is an opportunity for our developed country partners to fulfil their support responsibilities under the Paris Agreement and is a key example of the actions that can and must be taken to achieve the important goals we all set in Paris.”

At the meeting, LDC Ministers also noted the tremendous amount of work to be done to agree upon a comprehensive rulebook for the implementation of the Paris Agreement in preparation for the entry into force and operationalization of the Agreement, and recognised the need to capitalize on mounting political will amongst all countries to take ambitious action on climate change.

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Momentum for action under the Paris Agreement builds with Climate Change events in New York

21 September 2016

New York City is a hotbed of climate action this week, with the UN hosting events to enhance the implementation of the Paris Agreement. The eight annual Climate Week NYC is also being convened from 19-25 September, providing a collaborative space for climate events to support the Paris Agreement and UN Sustainable Development Goals.

On the 21st September, 31 countries deposited their instruments of ratification at the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s special event to accelerate the entry into force of the historic Paris Agreement. 60 countries have now ratified the Agreement, which requires 55 countries representing 55% of greenhouse gas emissions to enter into force.

“With today’s 31 ratifications the Paris Agreement has surpassed the country barrier and is now on the the brink of early entry into force. This is a powerful political symbol that governments of the world recognise the need to take urgent action against climate change” said the Chair of the Least Developed Countries Group, Tosi Mpanu-Mpanu.

“The Paris Agreement is a dynamic and inclusive agreement which focusses on supporting the needs of the world’s poorest and most vulnerable countries. With entry into force imminent, it is vital that we build on this growing global unity and carry out our commitments agreed in Paris, to safeguard our planet for future generations. This requires developed countries to provide much needed support to developing countries, including the LDCs, to enable us to develop sustainably and adapt to the enormous challenges climate change presents to our communities,” said Mr. Mpanu-Mpanu.

On the afternoon of 21st September, Mr. Mpanu-Mpanu moderated an event at the UN Headquarters, in which the development of the new LDC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative was highlighted; a collaborative effort to align sustainable development and climate change goals by enabling universal access to clean, renewable energy in the world’s poorest nations. This initiative gained international support in Bonn in May this year and is to be launched at COP22 in Marrakech in November 2016, the next international climate conference.

Mr. Mpanu-Mpanu said “COP22 will be an action and implementation COP, providing the opportunity to begin implementation of the Paris Agreement through concrete action in the renewables sector. This is a chance for our developed country partners to fulfil their support responsibilities under the Paris Agreement, which should be a priority given their commitment to enhance the capacity and the ability of developing countries to take effective climate change action.”

“All LDCs face major challenges in scaling up renewable energy and ensuring energy access to our poorest communities. This initiative will ensure no LDC is left behind. With clean and renewable energy also comes jobs and opportunities to vastly improve the livelihoods of our people,” said Mr. Mpanu-Mpanu.

The LDC Initiative will develop under the umbrella of a Global Initiative on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, which will provide a space for developing synergies and sharing best practices amongst similar initiatives, including the African Renewable Energy Initiative and initiatives proposed by the Small Island Developing States.

“This Global Initiative exemplifies how the international climate process can generate new global partnerships, powering towards a more prosperous future for the world’s poor and amplifying the charge towards a clean energy economy.”

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Press Release: Strengthening Global Action on Renewable Energy at COP22

Press Conference 26 May1On the final day of the climate talks in Bonn Germany, leaders of key negotiating blocs joined in call for global action on renewable energy and energy efficiency at COP22 in Marrakech later this year.

The Chairs of these groups, representing over 90 countries highlighted the launch at COP 21 in Paris last year of the Africa Renewable Energy Initiative, a program with pledges of $10 billion in financial support, as a starting point for scaling up renewable energy worldwide

The leaders emphasized that COP22 in Marrakech offers an unprecedented opportunity to broaden this success to other developing countries, including small island, least developed, Asian and Latin American countries, as part of an enhanced global effort to support the uptake of renewable energy globally while strengthening energy efficiency.

Among the leaders calling for action were:

  • Tosi Mpanu Mpanu, Chair of the Least Developed Countries Group (LDCs, a group of 48 least developed countries);
  • E. Ambassador Mr. Hussein Alfa Nafo, Chair of the African Group of Climate Change Negotiators (AGN, a group of 54 African states);
  • Amjad Abdulla, Chief Negotiator for the Alliance of Small Island Developing States (AOSIS, a group of 44 small island developing states);
  • E. Ambassador Anna Lindstedt, Ambassador for Climate Change, Sweden;
  • Ayman Cherkaoui, representing H.E. Ambassador Aziz Mekouar, Government of the Kingdom of Morocco.

Mr. Mpanu-Mpanu, Chair of the LDCs, said that ‘The Marrakech COP will be an action and implementation COP. With the LDC renewable energy and energy efficiency initiative we are following up on Paris and beginning to deliver concrete solutions vital to addressing climate change.”

“The Least Developed Countries are committed to play our part in the global energy transformation, to provide clean and renewable energy, jobs and opportunities to vastly improve livelihoods for our people”, he said.

“COP22 provides an unprecedented opportunity to strengthen support on renewables to the LDCs, as part of a global programme of support. The energy of Paris must be channelled into real solutions to both climate change and development at COP22 in Marrakech”, said Mr. Mpanu Mpanu.

Ambassador Seyni Nafo, Chair of the African Group, said “Africa has taken a lead on renewable energy. With a mandate from 54 African Heads of State we have launched the Africa Renewable Energy Initiative, with the transformational goal of ensuring universal energy access to all Africans and adding double current electricity generation through renewables by 2030.”

“The AREI is a transformative, Africa-led and owned initiative strengthening sustainable development in Africa on a large scale, unlocking the continent’s huge potential to generate renewable energy and bringing electricity to hundreds of millions of people”, he said.

“I am pleased to see the African proposal for a global renewable energy partnership, which we launched in 2014, taking flight here in Bonn.  COP22 in Marrakech can deliver new voluntary cooperation that enables the UN process to accelerate action and deliver results for people, communities and productive sectors in our countries”, said Ambassador Nafo.

Mr. Amjad Abdulla, Chief Negotiator for AOSIS, said “AOSIS is proud to see that the UNFCCC process, including the talks on pre-2020 ambition that we have championed, yielding concrete results.  COP22 presents a substantial opportunity to launch practical, concrete solutions towards achieving the 1.5 degree C goal we need to keep all people, including the most vulnerable and our islands, safe.”

Anna Lindstedt, Climate Ambassador for Sweden, said ‘Sweden is proud to have supported the Africa Renewable Energy Initiative from the beginning and is very encouraged to see similar initiatives from other regions and groupings These ambitious renewable energy initiatives from developing countries show genuine leadership and is exactly what is needed to now shift the focus to implementation of the Agreement and spurring higher ambition of national contributions. COP22 in Marrakesh will be an important step for providing the tool countries need to move ahead.’

For further information:

Mr. Tosi Mpanu-Mpanu, Chair of the LDC group,, +4915171366079

 H.E. Ambassador Mr. Hussein Alfa Nafo, Chair of AGN,, +19177700596

 Mr. Amjad Abdulla, Chief Negotiator of AOSIS,, +9607775543

 H.E. Anna Lindstedt, Ambassador for Climate Change,, +46727153977


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LDC Press Release: Building on Political Momentum in Bonn


Bonn, 16 May 2016: On the 10th-11th May the Least Developed Countries met in Bonn to prepare for the upcoming climate negotiations beginning on 16th May. This preparatory meeting has been an important opportunity for all LDC negotiators to come together and further develop the collective goals of the LDCs in light of the Bonn negotiations, during which work will begin on developing the modalities, guidelines and procedures for implementation of the Paris Agreement.

Chair of the LDC group, Tosi Mpanu-Mpanu, said ‘despite bearing little historic responsibility for climate change, the LDCs have led by example, with unfaltering ambition and a continuing push for fair outcomes in the global community’s response to climate change. This ambition and collective spirit has been clearly displayed during our preparatory meetings and we are in a strong position to engage in the upcoming negotiations.’

The LDCs have contributed very little to causing climate change, yet are the most vulnerable to its damaging impacts. As the 48 poorest countries in the world, the LDCs also have the least capacity to adapt to climate change. As Mr Mpanu-Mpanu states, ‘the international climate regime is about more than just strategies and plans, it’s about people. We need to be able to give concrete effects to the Paris Agreement as soon as possible, and the round of Bonn is an opportunity to continue maintaining trust between us.’

The majority of LDCs have signed the Paris Agreement and many have begun the process of ratification of the Agreement, which Mr Mpanu-Mpanu states ‘is both a testament to the LDCs and an example of our readiness to work with the global community in combatting climate change.’

The LDC group continues to emphasise the importance of leadership by developed countries, and the facilitation of actions by all Parties to work towards achieving the historic goals adopted in Paris; ‘while the LDCs have the will to act, we lack the capacity and resources to do the heavy lifting required to address climate change’,  Mr Mpanu-Mpanu states. For the LDCs, taking much needed action on climate change relies on the securing of financial, technological and capacity-building support for on-the-ground action. This remains a key priority of LDC negotiators.

‘The LDC group looks forward to engaging in the negotiations in Bonn, and is encouraged by the record number of countries who united in New York to sign the Paris Agreement last month. This demonstrates that there is political momentum globally to set to work constructing the further arrangements for the Paris Agreement that will bring the next phase of the global climate regime to life.’

For further interviews or information on LDCs’ views on the final agreement please contact:

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LDC press release: unprecedented climate agreement is ‘best outcome for all’

Paris, 12 December: The Least Developed Countries (LDC) Group today welcome the news that all Parties in Paris at COP21 support the adoption of the new climate agreement.

Mr Giza Gaspar Martins, Chair of the Least Developed Countries Group said: “We are living in unprecedented times, which call for unprecedented measures. Nothing that has gone before compares to this historic, legally binding climate agreement. The COP Presidency and all Parties worked hard to deliver this accord which will move the world to a 1.5 degrees goal, while aiming to leave no-one behind. It is the best outcome we could have hoped for, not just for the Least Developed Countries, but for all citizens of the world.”


For further interviews or information on LDCs’ views on the final agreement please contact:  Read the rest of this entry »

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LDC press release: Loss and damage, 1.5 goal will be in climate agreement

Paris, 12 December: The Least Developed Countries (LDC) Group feel optimistic about the content within the new draft text due at 11:30am CET on Saturday 12 December.

The LDCs have been negotiating in earnest alongside their ministers these last few days, often on three hours sleep or less, to try and keep the language dear to their nations within the text.

As the countries least able to adapt to climate change, and those who have least contributed to the problem, the LDCs’ key issues, which they feel confident will be balanced in the new text, include:

  • Inclusion of the below 1.5 goal, relative to pre-industrial levels, alongside a clear pathway of how countries will deliver against it
  • Ambitious commitments for communicating, maintaining and implementing mitigation targets, in five year cycles
  • Separate, overlapping five year cycles for reviewing the implementation of mitigation and finance commitments
  • Clear reference to ‘new and additional’ climate finance flows for mitigation and adaptation
  • Recognition of the special needs and specific situations of the LDCs
  • Establishment of a mechanism to address questions of implementation and promotion of compliance within the provisions of the agreement
  • The anchoring of a mechanism to avert, minimise and address loss and damage

On the viability of the below 1.5 degree goal, Mr Giza Gaspar Martins, Chair of the Least Developed Countries Group said: Read the rest of this entry »

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Press conference: LDCs take stock of possible Paris outcome

***UPDATED: new time 19:00 CET, location conference room 2***

Paris, Wednesday 9 December:  The text of the climate agreement is scheduled to arrive with the French Presidency at 13:00 today, following consultation with Ministers late into the night.

The Least Developed Countries Group is working hard to see its issues represented within the text, as such wording can help preserve lives and livelihoods within the world’s 48 poorest and most vulnerable nations.


  • Chair of the LDCs Group, Mr Giza Gaspar-Martins (Angola delegation)
  • H.E. Pa Ousman Jarju, Minister of Environment, Climate Change, Water Resources, Forestry, Parks and Wildlife for the Gambia

When: Wednesday 9 December, 2015, 19:00-19:30 CET
Where: Press Conference Room 2, Paris Climate Summit, Le Bourget, Paris.
Webcast: The press conference will be webcast live and available on demand post-briefing here
Advance questions: send to or tweet @LDCChairUNFCCC

So far the Group’s particular concern remains the special treatment of LDCs as enshrined within the Convention, the continued diluted wording around Loss and Damage and still no clarity on the legal status of the agreement.

Negotiators from the 48 poorest and most vulnerable nations are very familiar with the draft negotiating text, having been closely involved since the process began four years ago in Durban at COP17.

The Group welcomes emerging consensus from other Parties such as the EU and Canada on the 1.5 degree goal, but feels there is room for more mitigation ambition within the wording of the text to make this a reality.

The Group maintains its position in the high-level negotiations, to ensure the agreement reflects the special needs and specific situations of the LDCs, and looks forward to working with all Parties and the COP Presidency to secure a binding, equitable deal.

For further interviews please contact:

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