Posts Tagged AOSIS

Developing countries unanimously call for loss and damage mechanism at Warsaw Climate Conference as tragedy of super Typhoon Haiyan unfolds

The following is a joint press release from the Least Developed Countries, the Alliance of Small Island States, the Africa Group and the G77/China negotiating blocs at the UN climate change conference in Warsaw. For interviews, contact the LDCs spokesperson: Munjurul Hannan Khan: or +48 690 507 519

11 November 2013:

Loss and damage occurs when climate change related harm affects vulnerable people and countries. The issue is expected to feature prominently in negotiations at the UN Climate Conference, which takes place from the 11-22 November in Warsaw, Poland. “Loss and damage from climate change is a reality today across the world,” says Naderev “Yeb” Sano, Climate Change Commissioner of the Philippines, “My family ground, my home country just suffered a Typhoon, for which the scale has yet to be created”.

He adds: “Developed country emissions cut targets are dangerously low and must be raised immediately, but even if they were in line with developing country demands of reducing 40—50% on 1990 levels, we would still have locked–‐in climate change and would still need to address the issue of loss and damage.”

The Group of G77 and China calls for an international coordinated response from the UNFCCC that will help tackle the challenge of long-term changes brought by global warming.

Juan Hoffmaister, lead negotiator on loss and damage for the group of G77, says, “We are trying to negotiate a mechanism that will address what happens if food production is no longer feasible, or that people have to leave their homelands because of climate change.”

Malia Talakai, the AOSIS spokesperson for loss and damage, adds, “SIDS are also put in a position of having to deal with loss and damage from climate change impacts that cannot be adapted to. The survival of our member nations is in all our hands. This is a grave responsibility and we must act with the urgency it demands and establish an international mechanism to address loss and damage in Warsaw. The international mechanism must address the needs of SIDS and other particularly vulnerable countries.”

“Loss and damage is complex because it is about the human face of climate change impacts. We are not merely discussing economic costs, we are not discussing only weather events, but also slowly creeping changes from climate change,” argues Elia del Carmen Guerra of Panama.

Patience Damptey, negotiator for the African Group, adds, “Communities in developing countries who have done the least to cause climate change are now suffering these irreversible impacts. That is why we have a united position among developing countries to create an UNFCCC loss and damage mechanism.”

Adao Barbosa, outlining the position of the LDC group, said, “If we leave Warsaw without a loss and damage mechanism we will have failed in building a comprehensive response to climate change that truly considers the needs of the poor.”

Juan Hoffmaister concludes for G77, “It’s unacceptable that some continue to sideline this issue, or fob it off as a ‘research agenda’ item. We do need more knowledge, but above all we need more action and political commitment to deal with the concerns of the world’s most vulnerable people.”

Contact: Munjurul Hannan Khan, spokesperson, LDCs: or +48 690 507 519


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Least Developed Countries and Alliance of Small Island States issue joint call for greater ambition to tackle climate change.

3 May 2013: Bonn, Germany— The Alliance of Small Island States and the Least Developed Countries groups  represent 83 countries and over 920 million people that are highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. As the latest session of UN climate change negotiations ends today, the two groups together call on negotiators to come back in June ready to move expeditiously from talking about solutions to implementing them.

The groups jointly released the following statement:

“The conversations over the past few days have underscored important facts we have known for many years now: low-carbon energy options are not only widely available and affordable, they are essential to our survival.

“Science has confirmed that unless we act immediately, the opportunity to keep global warming below the 1.5 degree threshold could be irrevocably lost.

“If we fail to act now, a vastly more expensive response will be required later, which will have profound implications for the scale and nature of obligations under the 2015 agreement. The costs of adapting to the impacts of climate change are already spiraling out of control, and thus need to be a bigger part of the ADP discussions.

“For us, more delay will mean more floods, more famines, more storms, and inevitably, more deaths.

“To that end, it is essential we have another ADP* session in September as well as a Ministerial level meeting at COP19** in Warsaw that is geared to raising mitigation ambition. These meetings will be essential to get the necessary political commitments for lowering emissions.

“Finally, the ADP process must culminate with a Protocol under the Convention applicable to all Parties and adopted no later than 2015. We call on our colleagues to reflect on how their delegation can contribute to achieving this objective over the next few weeks and come back to Bonn in June ready to get to work.”

*ADP refers to the the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action — a body under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in which parties to the convention negotiate.

** COP19 is the 19th conference of parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. It will take place in November 2013.

LDC group spokesperson in Bonn: Sandra Freitas

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Joint statement on Kyoto Protocol by LDC Group and AOSIS

Statement by The Gambia on behalf of the Least Developed Countries and the Alliance of Small Island States

AWG-KP Informal Closing Plenary

UN Climate Change Talks, Bangkok, 5 September 2012

Madam Chair

I have the honour to speak on behalf of the Least Developed Countries and, for the first time, the Alliance of Small Island States. Our two groups associate themselves with the statement delivered by Swaziland on behalf of the African Group. Together, the LDCs, AOSIS and the African Group represent one hundred countries and over a billion people who are most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.

We are concerned that the environmental integrity of the Kyoto Protocol, which is the only international treaty that legally binds developed countries to lower emissions, and thus our lone assurance that action will be taken, is eroding before our eyes.

This will require action in Doha that prioritizes reducing emissions that is in line with the latest scientific recommendations, including the following:

Annex I Parties – including those that have not yet submitted Quantified Emission Limitation Reduction Objectives (QELROs) – must raise the ambition of their economy-wide emission reduction commitments and submit legally binding, single number QELROS without conditions for inclusion in an amended Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol.

The second commitment period should be for a length of five-years to avoid locking in insufficient ambition.

The use of surplus units from the first commitment period must be dramatically curbed in the second commitment period to protect the environmental integrity of the second commitment period.

Parties must reaffirm that legally binding QELROS inscribed in Annex B for the second commitment period are required for  all Annex I Parties wishing to participate in the mechanisms.

Parties must affirm that the compliance system of the Kyoto Protocol applies to the second commitment period.

All amendments to the Kyoto Protocol should be provisionally applied pending entry into force to ensure the rapid implementation of Annex I commitments, the continued emission reporting under the accounting rules, and the uninterrupted operation of the flexible mechanisms.

Finally, Annex 1 countries that are not parties to the Kyoto Protocol should take ambitious commitments under the LCA. If hard decisions to cut emissions are not made now, developing countries will be forced to confront issues of adaptation on a previously unimaginable scale.

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Joint press statement from chairs of LDC group and AOSIS

Bonn, Germany—In light of recent media reports following the Brussels Ministerial meeting on climate change, the Chairs of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) and the LDCs — Ambassador Marlene Moses and Pa Ousman Jarju, respectively — released the following statement on 12 May on behalf of their members:

“As representatives of many of the countries most vulnerable to climate change, we stand willing to work with any partner that shares our desire to lower greenhouse gas emissions in line with the latest scientific recommendations. What we are not willing to do is sacrifice the long-term environmental integrity of policy in favor of short-term political expediency.”

“We are convinced that the environmental integrity of the Kyoto Protocol – the only international agreement with legally-binding commitments to reduce emissions – depends on having a five-year commitment period to avoid locking-in inadequate level of ambition. And the Commitments must be fully legally binding — to do this we need a clear agreement from the EU and others that they will support provisional application of the Second commitment period amendments to avoid a legal gap at the end of this year.”

“We are optimistic that countries will honor the spirit of cooperation that led to the agreement in Durban and respect the principle of the convention that demands all developed countries take the lead in this most important endeavor.”

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