The annual conference of the United Nations Framework Convention Climate Change took place from 26 November to 8 December 2012 in Doha, Qatar. The meeting, with around 9000 participants representing around 195 countries, included the eighteenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 18) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the eighth session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 8) as well as meetings of five subsidiary bodies under the UNFCCC.
The outcomes of Doha — (the Doha Climate Gateway adopted by acclamation at the final hours of Saturday 8 December) — include a set of 39 key decisions.
The Doha decisions concluded negotiations under the well-known Bali Road Map, terminating two Ad hoc working groups- Ad hoc working Group on the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP) and the Ad-hoc Working Group on Long term Cooperative Action (AWG-LCA). Doha decisions laid out a workplan for future actions- for 2013 and beyond under the Ad-hoc Working Group on Durban Platform (Durban Platform).
The Least Developed Countries (LDC) group set out their key positions at the beginning of the Doha negotiations. In essence, the Group called for Parties to step out on a new path leading beyond 2020 but first resolve unfinished business from the Bali Road Map, including the work of the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol and the Bali Action Plan on long term cooperative action. They also called for the decisions for the post-2020 regime to be guided by climate change science and impacts, the Convention’s principles and provisions and, most importantly, by the lessons learnt under the current regime. The Group, led by Mr. Pa Ousman Jarju from the Gambia effectively participated in all the negotiations.
For the Group, overall outcomes of Doha negotiations were modest. During the closing plenary of the two weeks negotiations, the Chair of the Group expressed their disappointment about the lack of ambition reflected in the decisions adopted, particularly in relation to mitigation and finance. The Chair reminded that there is a great onus for financing and deep emissions reductions on developed countries and urged all developed country parties to increase their mitigation and finance pledges and demonstrate their delivery.
This document [PDF] provides an analysis of some of the key decisions at COP18 in the context of the LDC group negotiating positions in Doha.