Posts Tagged COP18

Analysing COP18 decisions on climate change in the context of LDC Group negotiating positions

The annual conference of the United Nations Framework Convention Climate Change took place from 26 November to 8 December 2012 in Doha, Qatar. The meeting, with around 9000 participants representing around 195 countries, included the eighteenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 18) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the eighth session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 8) as well as meetings of five subsidiary bodies under the UNFCCC.

The outcomes of Doha — (the Doha Climate Gateway adopted by acclamation at the final hours of Saturday 8 December) — include a set of 39 key decisions.

The Doha decisions concluded negotiations under the well-known Bali Road Map, terminating two Ad hoc working groups- Ad hoc working Group on the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP) and the Ad-hoc Working Group on Long term Cooperative Action (AWG-LCA). Doha decisions laid out a workplan for future actions- for 2013 and beyond under the Ad-hoc Working Group on Durban Platform (Durban Platform).

The Least Developed Countries (LDC) group set out their key positions at the beginning of the Doha negotiations. In essence, the Group called for Parties to step out on a new path leading beyond 2020 but first resolve unfinished business from the Bali Road Map, including the work of the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol and the Bali Action Plan on long term cooperative action. They also called for the decisions for the post-2020 regime to be guided by climate change science and impacts, the Convention’s principles and provisions and, most importantly, by the lessons learnt under the current regime. The Group, led by Mr. Pa Ousman Jarju from the Gambia effectively participated in all the negotiations.

For the Group, overall outcomes of Doha negotiations were modest. During the closing plenary of the two weeks negotiations, the Chair of the Group expressed their disappointment about the lack of ambition reflected in the decisions adopted, particularly in relation to mitigation and finance. The Chair reminded that there is a great onus for financing and deep emissions reductions on developed countries and urged all developed country parties to increase their mitigation and finance pledges and demonstrate their delivery.

This document [PDF] provides an analysis of some of the key decisions at COP18 in the context of the LDC group negotiating positions in Doha.

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LDC Group’s final statement at COP18 closing plenary

Statement by The Gambia on behalf of the Least Developed Countries group (LDCs) at the closing plenary of the eighteenth session of the conference of parties of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP18)

Doha, Qatar,

8 December 2012

Mr. President,

The Gambia has the honor to deliver this statement on behalf of the 49 Least Developed Countries.

We associate ourselves with the statements made by Algeria on behalf of the Group of 77 & China, Nauru on behalf of Alliance of Small Islands Developing States and statements to be made on behalf of the African Group.

Mr. President, we welcome the decision package adopted here in Doha.

Mr. President, we came to Doha with clear demands for a balanced package, taking all our concerns into account. But we are concerned that a number of key elements that needed to be taken in to account for a balanced package have not been sufficiently addressed. Therefore, Mr. President, we would like our concerns to be recorded.

We are deeply concerned about the lack of ambition reflected in the decisions adopted, particularly in relation to mitigation and finance.

We expect countries to come back no later than 2014 with significant mitigation ambition towards closing the pre 2020 ambition gap and a stronger agreement to be adopted in 2015 under the ADP.

Mr. President, substantial financial resources is absolutely fundamental to keeping the global temperature rise below 1.5 C target and help our countries adapt to the unavoidable climate change impacts.

We are highly disappointed with the lack of details in respect of finance between 2013 to 2020. We urge all developed parties to increase their pledges and show their delivery.

We welcome the adoption of the amendments to the Kyoto Protocol.

We acknowledge and welcome the political declarations made by Parties relating to assigned amount units carried over from the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol.

I would like to take this opportunity to thank you, your team, the secretariat and all the Parties for the hard work. We thank the government and people of Qatar for warm hospitality.

I thank you Mr. President

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Press release: Talks Falling Short on Short-Term Ambition

As the first week of climate change negotiations in Doha concludes, the Alliance of Small Island States, Least Developed Countries and the African Group, which together represent 100 countries and over 1.4 billion people who are highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, raised concerns that the talks are falling short of the commitments on short-term ambition that were central to the agreement reached last year in Durban.

“As representatives of over 1.4 billion people around the world who are already suffering, and in some cases dying, because of climate change, we are gravely concerned that the negotiations have drifted away from conversations about short-term – pre-2020 – mitigation ambition.

“Prior to the start of the meeting, a series of scientific reports reminded negotiators that without bold action, the world is on track for 3-5 degree Celsius rise in temperature. Today we saw another analysis that showed limiting global warming below 2 degrees C – or even to below 1.5 degrees remains technically and economically feasible, but only with political ambition backed by rapid action starting now. Read the rest of this entry »

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LDC COP18 Side event: National Adaptation Planning Processes in Least Developed Countries

Date: Friday 30 November 2012

Time: 8.15 pm – 9.45 pm followed by refreshments

Location: Side Event: Room No. 4, Qatar National Convention Centre, Doha

How are Least Developed Countries (LDCs) mainstreaming climate adaptation in their development planning while factoring in climate change mitigation and climate change adaptation? This joint Gambia/IIED side event will focus on answering that question drawing on research by IIED and LDC countries.

There are many challenges countries encounter in mainstreaming climate change, which range from securing financing for funding climate adaptation work and developing the appropriate technology and skills. IIED will share its findings from a study-in-progress of a Pilot programme for climate resilience (under the Climate Investment Funds) and cross-country workshop (held in Tanzania) on mainstreaming climate change in development planning.

The panel discussion will give LDC representatives an opportunity to present their current experience in national adaptation planning processes with a view to assess their effectiveness and further needs for better national adaptation planning processes in the future.

Pa Ousman Jarju (the LDC chair) will be chairing the event.  Refreshments will be provided.  No registration needed.

Contact person: Neha Rai, neha.rai@iied.org

Agenda

8.15-8.30 INTRODUCTION Presenter
8.15-8.20 Overview of side event Pa Ousman Jarju, LDC chair
8.20-8.30 National Adaptation Planning Processes Thinley Namgyel
8.30-8.50 CASE STUDIES  
8.30-8.40 Government experience with mainstreaming CC into development planning Mousumi Pervin, General Economics Division, Planning Commission, Dhaka, Bangladesh
8.40-8.50 Pilot Programme for Climate Resilience (PPCRs) role in supporting mainstreaming of Climate Change Neha Rai, Climate Change Researcher, IIED, London, UK
8.50-9.00 QUESTION ROUND  
9.00-9.20 PANEL DISCUSSION  
Presentation by LDC country representatives on Mainstreaming Bangladesh
Nepal
Ethiopia
9.20-9.45 QUESTION ROUND  
Close By LDC chair Pa Ousman Jarju  

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LDC group statement at the 37th SBSTA session

Statement by the Gambia on behalf of the Least Developed Countries

Thirty-seventh session of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific and Technical Advice (SBSTA 37)

26 November 2012, Doha, Qatar

Mr. Chair, the Gambia has the honour to speak on behalf of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs).  The Gambia would like to express it sincere appreciation to the Government and people of Qatar for hosting these very important climate talks in Doha and for the excellent arrangements.

Is it necessary to reiterate the importance of the SBSTA deliberations to our process? Not at all. Read the rest of this entry »

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LDC group statement at the opening of the AWG-KP

Statement by the Gambia on behalf of the Least Developed Countries

Opening of the seventeenth session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Countries under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP)

27 November 2012, Doha, Qatar

Madam Chair, the Gambia has the honour to speak on behalf of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs). The LDC group wishes to associate itself with statements made by Algeria on behalf of the Group of 77 & China, Swaziland on behalf of the African Group, and Nauru on behalf of Alliance of Small Islands Developing States (AOSIS).

We would also like to express our appreciation and gratitude to the Government and people of Qatar for their warm hospitality, and thank the UNFCCC Secretariat for their excellent arrangements.

The overarching objective of our work here is to preserve the Kyoto Protocol as the internationally legally binding, rules-based regime to ensure environmental integrity and transparency of action which is able to deliver real, substantial and verified emission reductions that can be built on for the future regime negotiated under the ADP. Read the rest of this entry »

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LDC group statement at the opening of the AWG-LCA

Statement by the Gambia on behalf of the Least Developed Countries Group

Opening plenary of the fifteenth session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action

27 November 2012, Doha, Qatar 

Mr. Chair, the Gambia has the honour to speak on behalf of the Least Developed Countries Group. We associate ourselves with statements made by Algeria on behalf of the Group of 77 & China, Swaziland on behalf of the African Group, and Nauru on behalf of Alliance of Small Islands Developing States (AOSIS).

Mr. Chair, our mandate under AWG-LCA is to conclude and terminate its work by reaching an agreed outcome pursuant to decision 1/CP13 in Doha. We are concerned about the lack of progress achieved in AWG-LCA negotiations during the last sessions leaving us with many unresolved issues for Doha. Read the rest of this entry »

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