Posts Tagged Loss and damage

LDC paper series updated

The LDC group’s series of papers on issues related to the UN climate change negotiations has been updated following the Warsaw Climate Change Conference.

Read more at the LDC paper series page.


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The LDC Group at COP 19: Expectations and Outcomes

The LDC Group actively participated in the 19th UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP 19), which took place during November 2013 in Warsaw, Poland. The outcomes of Warsaw, adopted in the negotiation’s final hours, include a set of 34 decisions. As the adopted decisions largely do not reflect the expectations of the Group, the LDCs call upon their fellow nations to continue work in the spirit of urgency.

Warsaw National Stadium

In his opening statement, the Chair of the LDC Group detailed four expectations for the package of decisions to be adopted at COP 19. Read the rest of this entry »

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Developing countries unanimously call for loss and damage mechanism at Warsaw Climate Conference as tragedy of super Typhoon Haiyan unfolds

The following is a joint press release from the Least Developed Countries, the Alliance of Small Island States, the Africa Group and the G77/China negotiating blocs at the UN climate change conference in Warsaw. For interviews, contact the LDCs spokesperson: Munjurul Hannan Khan: or +48 690 507 519

11 November 2013:

Loss and damage occurs when climate change related harm affects vulnerable people and countries. The issue is expected to feature prominently in negotiations at the UN Climate Conference, which takes place from the 11-22 November in Warsaw, Poland. “Loss and damage from climate change is a reality today across the world,” says Naderev “Yeb” Sano, Climate Change Commissioner of the Philippines, “My family ground, my home country just suffered a Typhoon, for which the scale has yet to be created”.

He adds: “Developed country emissions cut targets are dangerously low and must be raised immediately, but even if they were in line with developing country demands of reducing 40—50% on 1990 levels, we would still have locked–‐in climate change and would still need to address the issue of loss and damage.”

The Group of G77 and China calls for an international coordinated response from the UNFCCC that will help tackle the challenge of long-term changes brought by global warming.

Juan Hoffmaister, lead negotiator on loss and damage for the group of G77, says, “We are trying to negotiate a mechanism that will address what happens if food production is no longer feasible, or that people have to leave their homelands because of climate change.”

Malia Talakai, the AOSIS spokesperson for loss and damage, adds, “SIDS are also put in a position of having to deal with loss and damage from climate change impacts that cannot be adapted to. The survival of our member nations is in all our hands. This is a grave responsibility and we must act with the urgency it demands and establish an international mechanism to address loss and damage in Warsaw. The international mechanism must address the needs of SIDS and other particularly vulnerable countries.”

“Loss and damage is complex because it is about the human face of climate change impacts. We are not merely discussing economic costs, we are not discussing only weather events, but also slowly creeping changes from climate change,” argues Elia del Carmen Guerra of Panama.

Patience Damptey, negotiator for the African Group, adds, “Communities in developing countries who have done the least to cause climate change are now suffering these irreversible impacts. That is why we have a united position among developing countries to create an UNFCCC loss and damage mechanism.”

Adao Barbosa, outlining the position of the LDC group, said, “If we leave Warsaw without a loss and damage mechanism we will have failed in building a comprehensive response to climate change that truly considers the needs of the poor.”

Juan Hoffmaister concludes for G77, “It’s unacceptable that some continue to sideline this issue, or fob it off as a ‘research agenda’ item. We do need more knowledge, but above all we need more action and political commitment to deal with the concerns of the world’s most vulnerable people.”

Contact: Munjurul Hannan Khan, spokesperson, LDCs: or +48 690 507 519

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Press Release: A Roadmap for 2015 Agreement is Critical to Successful Outcome in Warsaw

For immediate release: 11 November 2013: Warsaw, Poland

Contact: Munjurul Hannan Khan, spokesperson, LDCs: or +48 690 507 519

 “The Least Developed Countries are the poorest and most vulnerable group of countries in the world, who contribute the least to the problems of climate change. We are likely to suffer some of the worst loss and damages, and are least able to cope with them – without substantial financial and technical support. Our very future therefore not only depends on the world keeping global warming temperature to below 1.5°C, but also on how much financial and technical support is made available for adaptation and sustainable development. We therefore need to see concrete outcomes of the talks here in Warsaw and progress towards a strong 2015 agreement.” says the Chair of the group Mr. Prakash Mathema.

As delegates of the world gather in the Polish capital for the annual climate conference, the 49 most vulnerable countries stress that Warsaw should draw the roadmap for an effective international agreement on climate change in 2015. The LDCs urge all developed country parties to fulfill their responsibility to take the lead in addressing the crisis of climate change through ambitious mitigation targets.

Gaps in Climate Finance:

Finance is a key issue for the LDCs for realizing urgent, immediate and long-term adaptation plans as well as achieving sustainable development. Effective progress in climate finance negotiation – as a part of developed countries commitment to act – is crucial for developing countries to take action on the ground and to tackle the adverse impacts, it remains unclear as to how developed countries will fulfill their pledge of mobilizing US$ 100 billion a year by 2020 to address the needs of highly vulnerable developing countries. The availability of climate finance – both in the pre-2020 period, and scaling up beyond 2020, are crucial for the LDCs to be able to adapt and address impacts of climate change. Closing the gap for climate finance through identified sources and ensuring certainty for availability of the funds are the key asks of the LDC group.

Closing the Mitigation Ambition Gap:

Even to achieve the globally agreed 2°C goal requires nations to keep global C02 emissions to no more than 44 gigatonnes by 2020. There is a ‘mitigation gap’ of 8 -13 gigatonnes of CO2: the combined current emissions reduction targets submitted by parties show that emissions will be 52-57 gigatonnes of CO2 by 2020. This mitigation ambition gap is of serious concern for the LDCs. The LDC group would like to see real progress in this issue and will continue to draw attention to the mitigation gap in Warsaw and will urge the developed countries to agree a work plan by which they can deliver robust and enhanced mitigation ambition in 2014 and beyond, to achieve the 2°C goal reaching 1.5 degree target soon.

Adopting a Roadmap for the 2015 Agreement:

In 2011, governments agreed to finalize a new agreement applicable to all by 2015, which will come into force in 2020. The LDC group has already made it clear that the new agreement must be a legally binding protocol, the draft of which must be ready by the end of 2014. This will allow time for domestic stakeholder consultations and to adopt the final Protocol in 2015. The LDC group would like to highlight the importance of having a clear roadmap for negotiating the planning, scope, structure and design of the new 2015 agreement.

Institutional Mechanism for Addressing Loss and Damage:

Addressing loss and damage from the impacts of climate change is crucial for the survival of the LDCs. There will be inevitable losses and damages due to climate change that are beyond the capacities of LDCs to respond and adapt. Last year in Doha, importance of this issue was realized and considered by the parties as one of the major agenda for Warsaw meeting to set up an institutional mechanism under the UNFCCC to address this issue. The LDC group has taken this issue very seriously and would like to urge parties to act here in Warsaw as per the agreement in Doha.

Contact: Munjurul Hannan Khan, spokesperson, LDCs: or +48 690 507 519


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